Every long term gardener has their own tips and tricks on how to get best results in a garden. Tips they swear by even though there may be no scientific data to back them up.
One such tip is gardening by the phases of the moon. There is logic in this method of gardening by the moon.
The moon has an effect on weather patterns, ocean tides and even human behaviour. So why not plants?
The moon's phases are described in four parts, first quarter, second, third and fourth.
The first two quarters are waxing (increasing) phases and the two latter quarters are waning (diminishing) phases. The cycle lasts 29 days. The full moon as marked on a calendar is the demarcation between the two types of phases.
So how does this all relate to your garden? Well, in the waxing phase, the theory is that the water table rises and plants take up nutrients faster, making it an ideal time to plant.
The waning phase is much better for pruning and weeding as the water table is lower and things like tree sap run much slower. Anecdotal evidence also suggests that harvests are larger and plants don't go to seed as quickly if planted in the appropriate cycle.
The start of the waxing phase with the new moon is the best time to sow and plant above ground leafy vegetables. Plants that respond well during this quarter include broccoli, cabbage, lettuce, spinach, celery and cauliflower. The water table is rising and the plants will take up nutrients and germinate quickly.
The gravitational pull of the moon is less but the additional light theoretically aids leafy growth. Vegetables that respond well to being sown and planted in this phase include those that form internal seeds like beans, peas, tomatoes and vine crops. The second quarter is also where vegetables should be harvested. This is when their moisture is at its peak.
Just past the full moon, the water table is dropping and growth is slowing. This is the best phase for sowing and planting root vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, beets and onions. It's also a great time to do any pruning in the garden that is needed. The cut ends will lose less moisture or sap during this period.
A dormant period and no sowing, planting, harvesting or pruning should be carried out. This time is best used for weeding, turning the compost and other garden chores.
Gardening by the moon is another option to introduce into your gardening to give you a bit of an edge when failure is NOT an option.