Fig Tree Mosaic Virus

by Michael Momeni
(Southern California)

Fig Tree Mosaic Virus

Fig Tree Mosaic Virus

I have cherished picking fig fruits from my Brown Turkey (Ficus Carica) until this year. I had planted it in a big container last year. The beautiful big leaves on my fig tree provided some shade on the hot south wall of my southern California home.

I noticed early this year yellow-brownish spot on most of the leaves and then some turning yellow and dropping from the branches. A little investigation identified the problem as infestation with the fig mosaic virus. The following was reported as the problem:
“Fig mosaic is a viral disease believed to be carried by eriophyid mites (Aceria fici). Symptoms first appear as a mottled, yellow pattern on affected foliage. The yellow spots sometimes become surrounded by rust-colored borders as the disease progresses. Some fig varieties also experience leaf deformation, premature leaf drop and stunted foliage or fruit growth.

Because no chemical controls exist to treat fig mosaic virus as of April 2013, Purdue University's agricultural experts suggest removing and destroying affected fig trees to prevent spreading the virus to your other landscape plants.”
I had to destroy the plant. I talked with the plant manager of the store that had sold me the tree. He was willing to replace it with another fig tree. An examination of the plants at the nursery indicated that all of them were in early stages of developing the same spots on the leaves on the fig trees. I let the nursery plant manger know about the infestation. I am hoping that he would remove those infested plants and would destroy them and would not sell them.

I am worried that the virus could infest the other plants in my landscape.

Comments for Fig Tree Mosaic Virus

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Jul 26, 2014
Ignore fig tree mosaic virus
by: figgy lover

You'll have to live with it like I do. I have a Black Mission fig tree and it has the virus but I get loads of big delicious fruit, as long as I get a look in from the birds!! We share!!

I have 2 other fig tree grown from cuttings of a friend, don't know what varieties they are, but they have the virus and it took a year longer for them to come right and now the new growth is strong and the tress produce well. Just persevere.

I read that a mite or aphids carry the virus and bite into tree,but it your trees are strong and healthy these bugs can't sink their teeth in, so to speak. So you can spray with an horticultural oil to suffocate them if you like. Anyhow if you have the virus, as I think every fig tree has or will get, just learn to get along with it and most importantly make sure you feed and water and protect your trees for them to be really strong and healthy so that they soon outwit this virus and then produce good clean growth and lotsandlotsa yummy figs for you and birds!!

May 14, 2017
fig tree virus
by: Anonymous

Central California-San Joaquin valley

I had this in a 5-year-old Black Mission that was productive--did not want to destroy it. It still produces, does not appear to be any treatment to eradicate it, the bug-transfer issue may be at the root so spraying with an organic like "Take Down" oil+pyrethrin may help. On the same lot I have several green fig varieties that do not seem to be as affected, either 100% free or very minimally affected. Promoting the basic health of the plant looks most promising. Nothing has transferred to numerous other fruit-bearers adjacent, apricot, olive, grape or persimmon.

Mar 30, 2021
FMV: Transmit to other plant species??
by: Anonymous

Can Fig Mosaic Virus transmit to other species?

Mar 30, 2021
fig virus and other plants near
by: fifi

apparently not. each plant variety has its own virus. and anyway, you would go mad trying to get rid of all virus' (look at us humans!!), so learn to live with it, and like us, make sure you and your plants are in the best of health, and the virus will die out or lay low on part of your tree. New viruses will come and go, but as long as you have lottsa lovely figs, just continue to look after it ---and yourself. supposely some plants, particularly perennials, flowering ones, a virus can ruin the flowers, in which case if it were me, i would get rid of those plants.

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